Involuntarily Out-of-Field Rates for Doctorate Social and Behavioral Scientists


Graph of Involuntarily Out-of-Field Rates for Doctoral Social and Behavioral Scientists, 1993 - 2003 in percents

Note: Labor force is defined as those employed plus those unemployed and seeking work.  Involuntarily out-of-field rate is the percent of individuals who reported they were working part-time exclusively because suitable full-time work was not available and/or working in an area not related to the first doctoral degree (in their principal job) at least partially because suitable work in the field was not available.


In 2003, about one out of 20 sociologists reported that they are employed out-of-field because they could not find what they considered to be a suitable job for a sociologist. While the ten-year trend for sociologists is more volatile compared to other disciplines, the out-of-field rate has shown only modest growth since 1999, a trend which generally parallels rates for PhDs from other disciplines.
Related charts:


ASA computations based on data from National Science Foundation, Science Resource Statistics, Characteristics of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States (Arlington, VA: NSF, 1996 - 2006). Retrieved from (November 31, 2006).